Installation and Completion Phase
After we have finished building your home in our factory and your home has been inspected, we deliver it to your site where it is installed on the foundation and other subcontractors complete it.
Delivery of Your Home: For most projects, we hire the professional home transportation company whose specialized equipment and trained dispatchers and drivers will get the modules of your home from our factory to your home site. When the delivery of the home is in our scope-of-work, we take responsibility for the home until it arrives at your site. Your builder’s insurance or yours then takes over.
Some builders have their own specialized transportation equipment or preferred transportation company. When the delivery of the home is in your builder’s scope-of-work, the builder takes responsibility for the home from the time it is attached to a truck at our plant.
For some homes which will be placed in a densely developed area with narrow lots, it may be necessary for your home to be delivered to a suitable nearby “marshaling yard,” from which the modules can be shuttled to your building site in the proper sequence and as they are needed.
Installation of the Home on the Foundation: We work with your builder to synchronize the delivery of the modules with their installation on the foundation. The goal is to minimize the risk of damage or even theft.
Homes with a permanent transportation chasses to be installed on a simple pier foundation, may be simply pulled into position, the piers completed and shimmed to get the modules level, and the modules fastened to each other in accordance with the plans and our installation instructions.
One story homes with a permanent transportation chasses or delivered on returnable carriers may be installed on a crawl space or basement foundation using a system of rails and rollers. The modules are positioned beside the foundation, and then rolled onto the foundation. The modules are then fastened to the foundation and to each other in accordance with the plans and our installation instructions.
For multi-story homes and for most one-story homes delivered on returnable carriers, a crane is used to lift the modules off of the returnable carriers and placed on the foundation. Many of our homes have hinged roof systems, accommodating higher roof pitches than can be transported within typical height limitations. Hinged roof systems will usually also entail a series of framed assemblies forming the peak, which must be installed, sheathed and shingled on the site. The crane may be used to lift the hinged roof sections and the ridge assemblies. Alternatively, the installation crew may use jacks and smaller booms to complete the roof. Another use of the crane is to lift any dormers into position on the roof.
A milestone in the installation process is the “weathering in” of the home, meaning the installation of the modules on the foundation and the completion of the roof and covering of any openings so that the interior of the home is safe from rain, snow and wind. The work up to this point is referred to as the “rough set.” Some builders have the capability of performing the rough set with their own staff. Alternatively, a builder may also contract with a company that specializes in rough sets. In the US, the builder can also contract with us to have our crews perform the rough set. In fact, on some complicated projects, we may require that the builder use one of our crews. For complicated projects in Canada, we may recommend that the builder arrange for one our experts to be present during rough set.
Activities of Other Sub-Contractors: With the completion of the rough set, other local sub-contractors can carry on with their work. At a minimum, this will include the following tasks:
• For homes with more than one module, the siding, interior drywall and paint work, any prefinished interior paneling and interior and exterior moldings and trim at the mating line must be installed.
• Water, drain and vent piping between modules must be connected and then connected to the municipal or private water source and sewer or septic systems.
• Repairs to minor and commonly occurring transportation and rough-set damage such as repair to drywall stress cracks and re-adjustment to doors and windows that have shifted out of plumb-and-square positions.
• Heating and cooling ducts and/or fuel lines must be connected
• Electrical and communication wiring between modules must be connected and then run to the power and communications grids.
• Concrete flat work such as walks and driveways.
• Final landscaping
Other work that may be completed by your builder or the builder’s local subcontractors may include
• Installation of a hot water heater and any water softening or purifying equipment, especially if they are to be located in a basement.
• Installation of the heating, cooling and ventilating systems, especially if they are to be located in a basement.
• Framing and finishing of miscellaneous structures, such as porches, garages, storage buildings, decks, pools and cabanas.
• Custom millwork, doors, windows, flooring, cabinetry, plumbing fixtures, light fixtures and other items available from us, but purchased elsewhere and installed on-site.
• Finish painting and decorating.
• Household appliances available from us, but purchased elsewhere and installed on-site.
Local Inspections: The inspection of your home in our plant applies only to our scope-of-work. Most work done on site must be inspected by your local building inspector, especially the foundation, plumbing, heating, ventilating and electrical connections, and the structural soundness of those miscellaneous structures framed by others at your home-site.
Certificate of Occupancy: While some final finish work such as landscaping can be completed after you move into your new home, most state and local building laws and regulations require that your builder first obtain an official “certificate of occupancy” from the local building department. The “certificate of occupancy” is also a trigger for such other critical milestones as moving from your construction period loan to the permanent mortgage loan and the commencement of monthly principle and interest payments. It can trigger the transition from builder’s risk insurance to your permanent property and liability insurance. It also provides the official start date for the many warranties that apply to your home.